Franklin D. Roosevelt

 

Franklin D. Roosevelt was the only president who was elected four times and he served his country for 12 years. He died 83 days after he started his fourth term.

As a young man Roosevelt became crippled by polio. He could not stand or move his legs. His muscles were also damaged and he spent most of his life in a wheelchair. When many people thought that this illness would end his political career, Roosevelt became President for the first time in 1933.

At that time, America suffered from bad depression. Many people had lost their jobs and families didn’t have enough to eat. Roosevelt started a new programme called the New Deal. The government spent lots of money to create new jobs—it built roads, bridges, new schools and did other important things to help the population.

America’s people saw that FDR could do a lot for his country and they elected him for a second time in 1936.

When Roosevelt started his third term in office in 1941, Europe was at war. At first, he wanted America to stay out of World War II but when Japanese planes attacked Pearl Harbour on December 7, 1941, the USA declared war on Japan and Germany.

 

Roosevelt’s health was already very bad when he started his fourth term in January 1945. He met with the leaders of Great Britain and Russia, Churchill and Stalin, at Yalta . There the three leaders planned the final attacks on Germany and talked about how they would divide the country after the war. Roosevelt died on April 12, 1945.

Franklin D. Roosevelt

Franklin D. Roosevelt

 

The American President - Table of Contents

Presidential Election 2008 - Table of Contents

Downloadable PDF Text- and Worksheets

 

Online Exercises

 

 

 

Words

  • attack =the use of weapons against an enemy in a war
  • career = here : life
  • create = make
  • cripple = to hurt somebody so that they cannot walk or move well
  • damage =hurt, destroyed
  • declare =officially begin
  • depression = a time when there are not many jobs and people cannot buy things because they don’t have the money
  • divide = to cut into parts
  • FDR = short for Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • health =the physical condition of a person
  • government =the people who rule a country
  • illness = disease
  • in office = as president
  • polio = a serious illness of the nerves. You cannot move many parts of your body
  • population = the people of a country
  • serve =work for
  • stay out = not to take part
  • suffer = to be in a bad situation
  • term = the time when a person is President
  • wheelchair = a chair with wheels that is used by a person who cannot walk